Flowers are one of the most common and most beautiful things present in this world. Varying in sizes, shapes, species and also their variety of shades and colours, flowers are loved universally. Flowers are basically found in angiosperm plants and play a role in reproduction in plants which give rise to fruits and seeds.

Flowers are not only the producers of fruits and seeds, but they also play an important role in religion and medicine. They are used for offerings, decorations, perfumes, romance and also as food.

Apart from this flower also have astrological and symbolic meanings.

Flowers also refer to femininity and in various artworks they represent the female genitalia.

Flowers have a significant value in Hindu mythology. Lord Vishnu holds the lotus. Brahma, the creator, Goddess Lakshmi and Saraswati are found sitting on lotus flowers.

Flowers in Ancient India

Ancient literature of India talks about various flowers in the names which are not common today.

  •   The Ashoka flower has been talked about in the Ramayana. Sita used to sit under the Ashoka tree in Ravana’s garden when he had abducted her.
  •   The Arca flower is offered to Lord Shiva. It forms one of the five darts with which the Indian God of Love pierces the hearts of young mortals.
  •   Parijat flower tree is supposed to be brought down to the earth from heaven by Lord Krishna.
  •    Kadamb tree forest is the forest where Lord Krishna played and Goddess Durga resided.

There are many other flowers which have been mentioned repeatedly in the ancient Indian literature.

Valley of Flowers

The Valley of Flowers National Park is encompassed in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in Uttarakhand. It is a high-altitude Himalayan valley with many different coloured flower which change shades as time progresses. It is also a home to exotic and rare flowers like Brahmakamal, Cobra Lily and Blue Poppy. It has a large number of rare species of flora and fauna. Orchids, marigold, poppies and many other flowers carpet the ground. Local people believe that it inhabits fairies. The Valley of flowers is truly a heaven.

Language of flowers or Flower meanings

Floriography, i.e., the language of flowers was a method used to send coded messages and also express feelings which could not be spoken. This usually prevailed in the Victorian era, but is still used for romantic expressions. This was done through a variety of flowers and flower arrangements which had different meanings. But nowadays people assign personal meanings to flowers according to their liking. The Society of American Florists has also made a list of flowers with their meanings.

Red roses are a symbol of love, daisies of innocence, Irises and lilies are meant for resurrection and life and poppies are used for consolation. Aster means contentment. Camellia means graciousness. Daffodils symbolises chivalry while daisies show innocence. If you want someone to remember you forever give him/her a Forget-me-not. You’ve been gifted a yellow chrysanthemum? That means you have a secret admirer. Gift a pink carnation to show gratitude. White Tulip will help you ask for forgiveness.

Flowers and months

Every month is dedicated to a flower. You can gift them according to the month or decorate these beautiful flowers in your own houses and offices month wise.

Carnation is for January, Iris for February, Daffodils for March and Daisies for April. May is the month of lilies. June has always been for roses. Delphinium is the flower of July. Gladiola is for August. September has Aster as its flower. October is assigned Marigold. November is for Chrysanthemum and December for Poinsettia.

Flowers and astrology

Aries- Aries enthusiasm and zeal can be lifted with flowers with the colour of passion like a red tulip flower bouquet.

Taurus- Taurus’s appreciation for nature’s exquisite beauty can be fulfilled with a Pune flower bouquet showcasing majestic lilies.

Gemini- Gemini needs with a flower bouquet filled with roses – a flower that symbolizes the essence of their zodiac sign: love and companionship.

Cancer- Appreciate a Cancerian’s compassion and thoughtfulness with a flower arrangement filled with delphinium.

Leo- Choosing Sunflower as floral arrangement for Leos that matches this fire sign’s big hearted personality is wonderful.

Virgo- Asters will incite a Virgo’s imagination and coax their fun-loving side.

Libra- Hydrangeas are a fitting choice for Libras.

Scorpio- Scorpio’s sensitivity and power can be complimented with a floral bouquet of lush red peonies.

Sagittarius- A Sagittarian’s multi-dimensional personality can be captured with carnations.

Capricorn- Capricorn’s responsible, dependable personality makes them ideal for African violets.

Aquarius- Orchids are a perfect complement to the Aquarians.

Pieces- Alstroemeria’s appearance captures just the right mix of generous beauty and quiet splendour of Pieces.

Flowers and perfumes

Flowers have long been used in manufacturing perfumes because of their sweet fragrance. Many different species of flowers like rose, jasmine, tuberose, narcissus, plumeria and many other flowers are used for making scented beauty products, bath soaps and perfumes.

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